★ BMW 7 Series (E38)
Available from April 1994 to 2001, BMW E38 was the third generation of the BMW 7-series. The flagship is an attractive evolution of the design language of the previous generation Е32. New 7 was available with inline six-cylinder, V8 and V12 gasoline and inline-six and V8 diesel engines. In 2001 E38 was replaced by the E65 7 series.
On the E38 was the first car available with curtain airbags. It was also the first European car to offer satellite navigation and BMW the first to offer built in TV. On the E38 was the first series 7 will be available with a diesel engine.
1. Development. (Развитие)
In early 1988, began developing the third generation 7 series. From 1988 to 1990 styling work was done initially by the design Director Klaus of Lutte through April 1990, taken by Dr. Wolfgang Reitzle, when boyke not Boyers was selected as the design concept and further development in production form.
In February 1991, the final production design of the new series 7 was approved by the Board 36 months prior to the scheduled start of production on February 17, 1994. April 27, 1993 German patents were filed in the pre-production prototype as a representation of the design. Patents filed after October 27, 1993, in the United States.
2. Production. (Производство)
Production began on July 23, 1993, in experimental models of production and USA specification options on 13 January 1994 and serial production will begin in April 1994 and June 1994, the inner-launch With 730i and 740i. Us-specification car went into production in September 1994, November 1994 to run. 18 February 1994, series E38 BMW 7 opened in 1995 model year via press release the BMW. The 750i full production began in November 1994, on the eve of its launch in January 1995.
The last E38 740i silver with black leather interior BMW came down the pipeline on July 27, 2001, to make way for the replacement of E65 7 series.
3. Equipment. (Оборудование)
Security features include a system ASC T traction control, headlight washers and auto-leveling low beam xenon headlights. Tubular side airbags, entitled "security System" was installed as standard equipment. "Active comfort seats" were introduced in 1998 to improve comfort and reduce fatigue for the driver and front passenger. This system uses two fluid-filled bubbles, which alternate in height.
Other equipment includes electronic damper control EDC is called the third, a power moonroof, windshield wipers with rain sensors, dual climate control, electric adjust seats, electric adjustable steering wheel.
The double glazing was available-called "double glass". Impact-resistant laminated "safety glass" was also available, which are known to delaminate. Delamination occurred only with the possibility S357A, and with ordinary dual-pane Windows S352A. Bulletproof glass was used for the model protection even thicker glass used in the security model.
The sport package includes sport steering wheel, sport seats, sport suspension, and "shadowline" exterior trim and unique wood trim for the interior. Some sports models also included the shorter ratio differential and a higher stall speed for torque Converter. This allowed for 0-97 km / h 60 miles / h acceleration Time of 5.9 seconds.
4. Car electronics. (Автомобильная электроника)
On the E38 was the first European car to be available with satellite navigation system Carin jointly developed by BMW and Philips.
For in-car entertainment are part of the system the automotive connection called I-bus.
A "multifunction" steering wheel with controls for audio, phone, cruise control and air recirculation, was standard equipment.
5. Transfer. (Перевод)
A 5-speed ZF 5 HP automatic transmission was available on all models.
In some markets, 5-speed manual transmission was available for 725tds, 728i, 730i with, 735i and a 6-speed for the 740i.
6.1. Special models. L7
From 1997 to 2001, BMW sold the extended Limousine wheelbase is called L7. The wheelbase has been increased by 250 mm 9.8 in the course "model Il", resulting in a total length of 5.37 m 211.4 V. Features include electrically adjustable rear seats, rear footrests, fold-down rear trays, fridge, rear TV, video player and Fax.
On the basis of a 750iL with a 12-cylinder engine, the L7 and an electronically limited top speed of 250 km / h 155 mph. In L7 was only available in the middle East, Southeast Asia and Europe, and was built 899 examples. The 2000-2001 models had an additional window privacy glass partition to separate driver from rear passengers.
6.2. Special models. Line of defense. (Линия обороны)
In armored "line of defense" vehicles were built in 2000-2001 and was based on models 740iL and 750iL. Security features include bulletproof vests, bulletproof glass and run-flat tires. Intercom is provided to communicate with people outside the vehicle, while the doors and Windows closed.
6.3. Special models. The security line. (Линия безопасности)
And version with protection up to B6 / 7 was also available in Europe, known internally as the 750iL C. additional security measures have introduced additional weight 950 kg 2.094 kg compared to the normal 750iL features include explosive cord around the window allows the removal of the windshield of relief escape through it in case of a rollover crash and hydraulic adjustment and with electric. The gas sensor can detect irritants such as CS gas, turn on the blower motor from closing the fresh air flaps and all the Windows. Fire extinguishing system is triggered button or the detection of extreme temperatures in the engine compartment or in the vicinity of the fuel tank. The breathing air system is also available, which takes the air from the cylinder into the barrel, up to three cases a firearm is designed to fit Heckler & Koch MP5K is also optionally available also spherical gun ports in the doors.
6.4. Special models. 750hL hydrogen. (750hL водорода)
On 11 may 2000, the BMW group presented a fleet of fifteen 750hLs in Berlin. Twelve-cylinder internal combustion engine on hydrogen can run on hydrogen and gasoline. In work on hydrogen, it provides 150 kW 201 HP, 204 HP, Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h 62 mph in 9.6 seconds and deceleration of the vehicle to reach a top speed of 226 km / h 140 mph.
Production hydrogen engine was integrated into the serial production of the engine in Dingolfing. It differs from an ordinary gasoline engine, in fact, only in relation to the intake tract with an additional valve for injection of hydrogen. Hydrogen is stored in cryogenic at a temperature of minus 253 degrees Celsius in a double-walled steel tank behind the rear seatback. The hydrogen tank holds 140 litres and provides an additional range of 350 km 217 Mi. In addition, the 750hL is working on fuel cells with a power of 5 kW 7 HP, 7 HP at 42 volts. It is not used as a drive, but as auxiliary power unit APU to power the electric system.
During the Expo 2000 in Hanover, the vehicles were used as shuttles. From February to November 2001, the vehicle was part of the "CleanEnergy worldtour 2001" in the cities Dubai, Brussels, Milan, Tokyo, Los Angeles and Berlin. By November 2001, the 750hL has reached a mileage of more than 150.000 km On the Nurburgring in 750hL recorded a time of 9 minutes and 53 seconds, while running on hydrogen.
6.5. Special models. Alpina B12. (Альпина В12)
Based on the BMW 750i and 750iL full, Alpina B12 5.7 introduced in 1995 and B12 6.0 in 1999. Unlike cars on which they are based, these models are not electronically limited top speed of 250 km / h 155 km / h but can reach a top speed of over 280 km / h 174 km / h and 291 km / h 181 km / h, respectively. According To Alpina B12 5.7 was the first car in the world with electrically heated metal catalyst as standard. In B12 5.7 is a 5.7-liter V12 and the B12 6.0 has a 6.0 liter V12.
7. North American lineup. (Североамериканский модельный ряд)
Models for sale in North America was the 740i, 740iL and 750iL, and steel production in the second half of 1994. The base prices in 2001 were US$62.900 for the 740i, US 66.900 for the 740iL and$92.100 for the 750iL.
On the 750iL was the flagship BMW car, with 5.4 l 330 CU in V12 engine with a capacity of 322 BHP, 240 kW, 326 HP. A long-wheelbase variant was available for all petrol models.
8.1. Model year changes. One thousand nine hundred ninety-five. (Одна тысяча девятьсот девяносто пять)
- DSC III dynamic stability control becomes optional on 740i / 740iL and 750i / 750iL.
- Standard equipment includes dual-zone climate control, electric front seats with three-position memory driver seat, front seat side tubular airbag, six-disc CD changer and satellite navigation.
- V8 models use a bore Nikasil coating, which crashes in countries with high sulfur content gasoline, see M60 article.
- The E38 production starts in 1994, in 1995 model year. The initial model 725tds, with 730i / 730iL, 740i / 740iL and 750i / 750iL.
- Models 740i / 740iL to use a differential ratio of 3.15, compared to 2.92 for the coming years.
8.2. Model year changes. One thousand nine hundred ninety-six. (Одна тысяча девятьсот девяносто шесть)
- With S-EDC electronic sports suspension, onboard TV and satellite navigation system are offered as options.
- Engine M62 M60 to replace the V8 models. Power to the 740i and 740iL increases of the engine from 4.0 l to 4.4 L.
- And models 728i 735i presented.
8.3. Model year changes. One thousand nine hundred ninety-seven. (Одна тысяча девятьсот девяносто семь)
- Front head airbags passenger presented. In late 1997, E38 7 series and E39 5 series became the worlds first car with side impact head cushions. They are known as "inflatable tubular structure" or "system head protection", and was available as optional equipment. These airbags are designed to protect the head in side impact collisions and to maintain inflation for up to seven seconds for rollover protection.
- On the 750iL are actually re-badged 740iL widely represented in 18 James bond tomorrow never dies starring pierce Brosnan.
8.4. Model year changes. 1998 mid-life facelift. (1998 середины жизни подтяжку лица)
Facelift E38 is also known as the life cycle impulse was introduced in the 1999 model year available since September 1998. Main changes are:
- Head airbags are standard on all models 7 series.
- Engines of the 735i and the 740i is upgraded to "technical updates" the version of the M62, with variable valve timing on the intake camshaft, single VANOS.
- DSCIII electronic stability control becomes standard on all models 7 series.
- Introduced model 740d, works on 3.9 twin-turbo l V8 diesel engine M67.
- The 728i engine is upgraded to "technical updates" the version of the M52, with variable valve timing on both camshafts double Vanos.
- The sport package ZSP code released, including the M Sport suspension, style 37 "in parallel" alloy wheels, contoured seats, and shadowline exterior trim.
- The revised design for the headlights and taillights.
8.5. Model year changes. One thousand nine hundred ninety-nine. (Одна тысяча девятьсот девяносто девять)
- Mar with features such as bi-xenon headlights, rain sensitive wipers, headlight washers, GPS navigation, and additional audio and has become the standard for US models.
- 750 now includes electric catalytic Converter, or "E-cat" assemblies. Heating coils inside the catalytic Converter assemblies are electrified just after engine start, bringing the catalyst up to operating temperature very quickly to qualify the vehicle for low emission vehicles Lev designation. This system requires the use of two battery system. This electric catalyst was established since 1995 in his Alpina B12 5.7 e-kat sedan based on the BMW 750i full, as it was jointly developed by Emitec, Alpina and BMW.
8.6. Model year changes. Two thousand. (Две тысячи)
- Display for satellite navigation upgraded in September to 6.5 inch 16:9 screen.
- Navigation updated to move in September, so maps for satellite navigation switch to the CD format.
- Became available, radar-based adaptive cruise control > active cruise control as an option.
8.7. Model year changes. Two thousand one. (Две тысячи один)
- The sport package will be available on the 750iL.
- Cosmetic changes, including the painted body color side skirts and bumper facias previously black, clear turn signal lenses with amber earlier.
- Additional standard equipment, including telephone or Motorola TimePort mobile phone with BMW aid telematics system.
9. The film. (Фильм)
Promotes E38s continued popularity was its appearance in several films such as tomorrow never dies 750iL, Boomer Bumer 750iL, enemy of the state 740iL Unconquered 740iL Bad Santa, fun with dick and Jane 740iL Valley of the wolves series L7, 740i show, the Transporter 735i, which was one instruction named 735i 750i full, Live free or die hard 740i, 740iL transformers, the game 740iL, the sum of all fears and Les anges gardiens 740i. Although it was the only available car in the series will be replaced next year at E38 740i placed in the BMW film ambush, which was released in the fall of 2001.
In the 18th film in the James bond tomorrow never dies, the sixteen E38 cars used during production were modified so they could be expelled from the seat, pretending to be bond actor pierce Brosnan drove the car using his mobile phone. Type car BMW 740iL, but they were badged as the 750iL. One survives today and can be seen at the exhibition" top secret” at Museum Industriekultur, Nuremberg. In addition to the sedan 7 series, BMW also introduced 14.000 $R1200C motorcycle. BMW acquired the right to use clips from the film in its multimillion-dollar campaign, and during the holiday season of 1997, they offered a special promotion, which included the R1200C with the purchase of a 750iL.
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